Monoculture

by Robert Bradford
(sw MO USA)

ALL AREAS

Nature abhors bare ground and monoculture. Let me start with the results and then work toward the solution. Recently in southern Missouri and northern Arkansas the northern and southern red oak have been decimated by the red oak bore. The southeast US recently had a similar problem with pine trees. The climax growth here is oak because they are so well adapted to our climate and soil and therefore have over populated our woodlands (including state and national forests) to the exclusion of many of the trees of lesser stature. We have some eastern redbud, hickory, red cedar, pine, dogwood, black walnut and sycamore but none of them compete well with oak and therefore are diminishing in numbers and letting the oak take over. If the woodland over a large area had been properly managed by selective logging the remaining oak would have been too few and too far apart for the bore to thrive. Nature, as always, will correct the problem of the overabundance of both red oak and red oak bore. Some other tree species will denominate the area for several decades and we will be forced to find a replacement cash crop. I assume that the strongest oak of the best age on our best soil and exposure will survive and propagate.

There are several possible solutions to this problem. We can harvest the damaged (host) trees for firewood (they have lost most of their value as lumber). Economics will delay the solution because loggers will prefer to harvest timber that is not full of holes and therefore worth more. Government will try to find a chemical answer even if it poisons our wildlife, livestock and human population. Nature will slowly correct the imbalance by finding a natural enemy of the bore and thinning the oak stands. We need to help by planting and nurturing trees that the bore does not eat and managing our resources better. The well being of future generations depends on the decisions we make now.

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Jan 07, 2012
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agree
by: Keith

You both are correct. Here in western Ky it is the Emerald Ash Borer that we are bracing to battle. I have very few Ash on my 12 acres and hope they are spared, along with the other potential tree hosts for this invader. (it seems that the greed of a few men has caused this borer to be imported to the US)

Jan 07, 2012
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Oak borers
by: Marvin Shelley

Robert, how right you are on ALL points.
Mother Nature is an all powerful mother. With Red Buds, Hickory, Sycamore, etc. gaining better conditions and the natural disbursement of seed, these players will emerge as strong as ever.
The Oaks with the best DNA will survive. If man just left the forest for a few years, there would be a balanced forest again.
Mother has patience and she will survive and regain whatever She wants to regain, if man will leave it alone.
It's like real estate and the economy - If the gov. had kept it's nose out of the real estate collapse, and let the damned market crash to it's natural equilibrium in 2009 & 2010, the market would be recovering now. Instead, the RE market has further to fall simply because the gov had to use all kinds of faux measures to delay it and lengthen the decline.
Your neighbor.......

Marvin Shelley
Rural Real Estate Broker
Fayetteville, Arkinsaw

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